The significant economic growth and industrial development in Mexico in recent decades have caused a series of environmental problems, such as poor waste management and a considerable soil contamination.
Almost 30% of municipal solid waste and 80% of hazardous waste are not disposed adequately and out of the thousands of contaminated sites only about 30 of them have been treated.
Compared with other Latin American countries, Mexico has an exemplary environmental legislation and advanced strategies for environment protection. However, these legal provisions, especially at the municipal level, are not implemented and monitored with enough strictness.
The lack of technical skills and management, and the difficulties to finance the infrastructure and the absence of appropriate concepts for it foundation, hampers the efficient enforcement of environmental laws.